Clifford B. Levine

Director
Bar/Court Admissions
  • Pennsylvania
  • U.S. Supreme Court
  • U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd and 5th Circuits
  • U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
  • U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania
Education
  • J.D., Duke University School of Law, 1980
  • B.A., Economics (magna cum laude), State University of New York at Albany, 1977

Cliff is a Director at Cohen & Grigsby, where he chairs the Public Affairs Group and is a member of the Litigation and Real Estate Practice Groups. Cliff has significant experience in complex commercial, real estate and government-related litigation, including construction, land use, environmental, energy, infrastructure and public election law. He also co-chairs the Firm’s Appellate Practice Group and heads the Cannabis Trade Group. His practice frequently involves the interplay between law and government. He combines his extensive litigation and appellate background, reflected in his membership with the Academy of Trial Lawyers of Allegheny County, with his political and governmental skills, where he recently was recognized as one of the 100 most politically influential individuals in Pennsylvania. Cliff is listed in Best Lawyers of America and as one of Philadelphia Magazine’s “Pennsylvania Super Lawyers,” an honor bestowed upon the top five percent of Pennsylvania lawyers. Recently, he was elected by his peers as one of the top 50 attorneys in Pittsburgh.

Authorities, Agencies and Municipalities

  • Represented City of Pittsburgh in defending City Charter’s residency requirement against public labor arbitrator’s Act 111 award. City of Pittsburgh v. FOP, Fort Pitt Lodge No. 1, No. 18 W.A.P. 2016 (Pa. 2016).
  • Solicitor, Pittsburgh Water & Sewer Authority (2002-2008). Responsible for overall representation, including addressing and overseeing legal issues involving environmental regulatory compliance, public contracting, insurance, general construction, general litigation, and contract review and preparation for the Authority, which has an operating budget in excess of $70 million annually.
  • Represented County Board of Commissioners in establishing fiscal control of court-related funds. Board of Comm’rs. of Bedford County v. President Judge of Court of Common Pleas of Bedford County, 92 A.3d 112 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2014) (en banc).
  • Extensive representation of municipalities in various aspects of public law, including labor, civil service, finance, construction, governance, real estate and zoning
  • Represented the Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development in extensive litigation involving the effect of an Act 47 Recovery Plan in the public labor arbitration process. City of Scranton v. Fire Fighters Local Union No. 60, 29 A.3d 773 (Pa. 2011), reversing, City of Scranton v. Fire Fighters Local Union No. 60, 964 A.2d 464 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2009).
  • Counsel to City of Harrisburg in negotiating Transfer, Transition, and Shared Services Agreements in respect to revenue generation associated with Act 47 Recovery Plan (2013)
  • Represented the Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development in litigation involving the impact of a fiscal recovery plan on anticipated health and pension benefits. FOP v. City of Johnstown, 39 A.3d 1010 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2012)
  • Represented the Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development in action requiring budget compliance by Pittsburgh Controller’s office. Pokora v. Ravenstahl, the Act 47 Coordinator and DCED, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, G.D. No. 06-028944 (2007).
  • Represented Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development, its Secretary, and the Act 47 Coordinator for Pittsburgh in litigation brought by the Fire and Police Unions, challenging provisions of the Pittsburgh Recovery Plan. Fraternal Order of Police v. Yablonsky, 867 A.2d 658 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2005) (en banc) and Pittsburgh Fire Fighters Local No. 1 v. Yablonsky, 867 A.2d 666 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2005) (en banc).
  • Served as Special Counsel to the Pennsylvania Department of Revenue during budget impasse (2006)
  • Served as Special Counsel to Pennsylvania State Harness Racing Commission in administrative proceedings involving proposed off-track wagering facility (2004)
  • Represented sanitary sewage authority in case involving the attempted dissolution of the authority by the municipality. Forward Township Sanitary Sewage Authority v. Township of Forward, 654 A.2d 170 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1994).
  • Represented Pennsylvania Industrial Development Authority in Pennsylvania Supreme Court case establishing limited right of repossession in absence of foreclosure proceedings. Mooney v. Greater Castle Development Co., 510 Pa. 516, 510 A.2d 344 (1986).
  • Represented state agency in various matters involving Pennsylvania Right-to-Know-Law and Sunshine Act. See, e.g. A.R. Building v. Pennsylvania Housing Finance Agency, 93 Pa. Cmwlth. 140, 500 A.2d 943 (1985).
  • Represented township in federal court RICO action against developers who had obtained municipal rezoning of property to construct shopping mall. Township of Ross v. Nascone, (W.D. Pa. 1986).

Land Use and Environmental

  • Vice Chair, City of Pittsburgh Planning Commission. Participated in reviewing major development projects, working with City Planning Department, reviewing conditional use and project development applications; serving as a member of the task force reviewing the new zoning code, conducting evidentiary hearings and developing legislation involving telecommunication facilities, group homes and various land use amendments (1994–2006).
  • Vice Chair, City of Pittsburgh Zoning Board of Adjustment. Participated in over 3500 evidentiary hearings as a member of the three–person City of Pittsburgh Zoning Board of Adjustment and have prepared numerous written opinions in cases involving telecommunications, Fair Housing Act, group homes, adult entertainment, non–conforming uses, retail and entertainment establishments, college and university master and institutional plans and hospital and office complexes (1994–2006).
  • Solicitor to 3 Rivers Wet Weather, Inc., a non–profit corporation which is coordinating regional effort involving regulatory agencies and over 60 municipalities and authorities in developing comprehensive plans to comply with EPA Clean Water Act mandates and address Combined and Sanitary Sewage (“CSO/SSO”) improvements potentially costing $3 billion (1999–present)
  • Chair, Allegheny County Solicitors Group, coordinating amongst 65 municipal entities in negotiations with the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) and Allegheny County Health Department concerning (a) Phase One activities to develop Long Term Sewage Control Plans (2002-2005); and (b) Phase Two activities concerning the development of Green Infrastructure Options (2014-2015)
  • Counsel to various developers addressing complex land use and regulatory matters associated with adaptive reuse of notable historic structures (2014-2016)
  • Represented redevelopment authority in appeal involving historic preservation as foundation for dimensional variances. Demko v. City of Pittsburgh ZBA et al., No. 646 C.D. 2016 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2016).
  • Counsel to landowner in federal court dispute involving commercial rights of first refusal associated with extensive land development. Spaghetti Warehouse Restaurants, Inc. v. Olander et al., C.A. No. 2:15 cv-00705, U.S. District Court (W.D. Pa. 2015).
  • Represented landfill establishing non-conforming use and addressing application of zoning ordinance to proposed height. Tri-County Landfill, Inc. v. Pine Twp. ZHB, No. 176 C.D. 2013 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2014) and Tri County Landfill, Inc. v. Liberty Twp., No. 175 C.D. 2013 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2014).
  • Represented landowner in dispute with commercial tenant over allocation of substantial condemnation award. In re Condemnation of Property of HPT (McKeesport), 1213 C.D. 2012 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2013).
  • Oversaw representation of telecommunications carriers in approximately 350 zoning proceedings and related litigation throughout Western Pennsylvania in developing comprehensive communications networks for wireless telephone service (1996–2005)
  • Participated in appeal involving siting and development of riverfront casino. Riverlife Task Force v. Planning Commission of Pittsburgh, 966 A.2d 551 (Pa. 2009).
  • Established scope of statewide preemption associated with local regulation of gas drilling operations under the Oil & Gas Act. Huntley & Huntley, Inc. v. Borough of Oakmont, 964 A.2d 855 (Pa. 2009).
  • Successfully represented coal mine operator in obtaining land use approvals to drill for methane gas. Coal Gas Recovery v. Franklin Zoning Board, 944 A.2d 832 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2008).
  • Established right of developer to require municipality to accept dedicated road. Monroe Meadows Housing Partnership, LP v. Monroeville, Pennsylvania, 2544 C.D. 2005 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2007).
  • Prevailed in overcoming spot zoning challenge associated with significant expansion of industrial facility. William Toe and Joseph Dobransky v. Chartiers Township, et al., No. 2754 C.D. 2002 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2003).
  • Obtained mandamus relief on behalf of developer of planned residential development under subdivision and land development ordinance. Marino & Marino v. Hempfield Twp., No. 3514 of 2003, Court of Common Pleas of Westmoreland County (2005).
  • Established right to peremptory judgment on behalf of developer of shopping center where major expansion had included challenged conditions imposed by municipality. Donaldson’s Crossroads Associates and Giant Eagle, Inc. v. Peters Township, et al., Court of Common Pleas of Washington County, G.D. No. 2002-7677 (2003)
  • Successfully represented real estate developer in establishing that conversion of under-utilized boarding house to high end condominiums constituted continuation of non-conforming use. N. Lee Ligo v. The Zoning Board of Sewickley Borough, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, 148 P.L.J. 31 (2000).
  • Defended sanitary landfill in five-week jury trial involving private nuisance claims. Suchy et al v. Kelly Run Sanitation, Inc., Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, G.D. No. 95-14391 (1999), affirmed, 148 P.L.J. 229 (2000).
  • Represented industrial entities in successful exclusionary zoning challenges. See e.g. Chambers Development Corp. v. Municipality of Monroeville, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, 143 P.L.J. 70 (1994); and Kelly Run Sanitation, Inc. v. Forward Township Zoning Hearing Board, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, 146 P.L.J. 205 (1997), affirmed Commonwealth Court (1998).
  • Represented municipal water authority in obtaining and defending conditional use and land disturbance approvals for construction of a water storage facility. Hilton v. Borough of Fox Chapel, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, S.A. Nos. 92-4055 and 93-859 (1993).
  • Established in Commonwealth Court that the daily placement of increased volumes of municipal waste did not constitute an expansion of a non-conforming use, thus preserving contracts worth 400 million dollars. Township of Chartiers v. Wm. H. Martin, Co., 118 Pa. Cmwlth. 108, 545 A.2d 409 (1988).
  • Established in Commonwealth Court that the daily placement of increased volumes of municipal waste did not constitute an expansion of a non-conforming use, thus preserving contracts worth 400 million dollars. Township of Chartiers v. Wm. H. Martin, Co., 118 Pa. Cmwlth. 108, 545 A.2d 409 (1988).

Energy

  • Established scope of statewide preemption associated with local regulation of gas drilling operations under the Oil & Gas Act. Huntley & Huntley, Inc. v. Borough Council of Oakmont, 964 A.2d 855 (Pa. 2009).
  • Represented mine operator in obtaining land use approvals to drill for methane gas. Coal Gas Recovery v. Franklin Zoning Hearing Board, 944 A.2d 832 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2008).
  • Represented independent power provider in pursuing FERC enforcement action against Texas PUC. Power Resource Group, Inc. v. PUC of Texas et al., 422 F.3d 231 (5th Cir. 2005).
  • Represented independent power producer in Pennsylvania Supreme Court case involving interplay of federal and state law in compelling mandatory energy purchases. See Armco Advanced Materials Corporation, et al. v. Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, 535 Pa. 108, 634 A.2d 207 (1993) (“Milesburg II”) Pennsylvania Supreme Court, cert. denied, 115 S.Ct. 311 (1994).
  • Established in Pennsylvania Supreme Court that an independent power producer has a right under federal law to obtain a contract to purchase energy. Pennsylvania Electric Company v. Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission and American Power/CMS Generation; 544 Pa. 475, 677 A.2d 831 (1996).
  • Established right to extend contractual milestone dates in power purchase agreement, and increase purchase price accordingly, to reflect administrative and litigation delays. West Penn Power Company, et al. v. Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, 150 Pa. Cmwlth. 349, 615 A.2d 951 (1992), allocatur denied, 536 Pa. 631, 637 A.2d 291 (1993), cert. denied, 115 S. Ct. 311 (1994) (“Shannopin II”).

Tax and Finance

  • Represented Duquesne University in real estate tax matters (2007-present)
  • Represented Washington & Jefferson College in landmark State Supreme Court case establishing real estate tax-exemption status for independent college qualifying as a “public charity” under the state constitution. City of Washington v. Board of Appeals of Washington County and Washington & Jefferson College, 550 Pa 175, 704 A.2d 120 (1997).
  • Represented Wheeling-Jesuit University and the Diocese of Wheeling-Charleston, WV in challenge to fire services charges imposed by municipalities. Wheeling College, Inc. et al v. City of Wheeling, West Virginia Supreme Court, 204. W.Va. 404, 513, S. E.2d 177 (1998), cert. denied, 119 S.Ct. 2386 (1999).
  • Represented Jewish Community Center in establishing that its new South Hills Branch was not a “health club,” thereby establishing its tax-exempt status. Chartiers Valley District v. Board of Property and Assessment et al., 149 P.L.J. 269 Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County (2001), affirmed, 704 A.2d 981 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2002).

Election Law

  • Pennsylvania Co-Counsel, Clinton-Kaine Campaign, 2016
  • Successfully defended state candidate against constitutional challenge involving residency requirement. In re: Makhija, 136 A.3d 539 (Pa. Cmwlth 2016).
  • Represented Senate Democratic Caucus in successful challenge to statewide reapportionment map which Supreme Court ruled had violated Pennsylvania Constitution, Holt v. 2011 Legislative Reapportionment Commw. 38 A.3d 711 (Pa. 2012).
  • Defended federal court challenge to use of existing legislative map for 2012 election, following Supreme Court reapportionment decision. Pileggi v. Aichele, 843 F. Supp. 2d 584 (E.D. Pa. 2012).
  • Established that incarcerated candidate is ineligible to run for office, enabling party to substitute another candidate. State Democratic Party, et al. v. Carole Aichele and H. William DeWeese, No. 474 M.D. 2012 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2012).
  • Statewide Election Law Steering Committee, Tom Wolf for Governor (2014)
  • Statewide Steering Committee, Obama-Biden Campaign (2012)
  • Successfully defended challenge to nomination papers of state senate candidate. In Re Nomination Petition of Farnese, 945 A.2d 274 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2008), aff’d 944 A.2d 753 (Pa. 2008).
  • Successfully defended state representative against challenge to nomination petition. In Re Payton, 945 A.2d 279 (PA. Cmwlth. 2008) aff’d 945 A.2d 162 (Pa. 2008).
  • Represented appellate judge candidate against Republican State Committee nominating petition challenge. In re: Shogan for the Judge of the Superior Court of Pennsylvania, No. 183 M.D. (Pa. Cmwlth. 2003).
  • Statewide Election Law Co-Coordinator, Bob Casey for Senate (2006)
  • Statewide Election Law Co-Coordinator, Ed Rendell for Governor (2006)
  • Deputy State Counsel (Pennsylvania), Kerry-Edwards, Inc. (2004)
  • Successfully represented Pennsylvania State Democratic Committee in challenge to third party U.S. Senate Candidate. In re Nomination Papers of Rogers, Pennsylvania Supreme and Commonwealth Courts, 913 A.2d 298 (Pa. Cmwlth, 2006) and 914 A.2d 457 (Pa. Cmwlth, 2006).
  • Successfully represented Pennsylvania State committee and Barbara Mcllvaine Smith in post-election challenge in Chester County, Pennsylvania for state legislative seat that changed the balance of power in State House for first time in 12 years (2006)
  • Election Law Counsel for Western Pennsylvania (overseeing 30 counties), Ed Rendell for Governor Campaigns, May 2002 and November 2002
  • Trial Counsel to Mayor Thomas J. Murphy for Mayor Committee in litigation associated with an election contest involving Mayor Murphy’s victory in the May, 2001 Democratic Mayoral Primary. In re: 2001 Mayoral Primary City of Pittsburgh, 149 P.L.J. 209, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, (2001).

Commercial

  • Represented governmental entity in multi-million dollar claim involving installation of a computer billing and customer service system. ALCOSAN v. Deloitte Consulting, LLC and Deloitte & Touche, LLP, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, G.D. 00-8729 (2005).
  • Represented municipal authority in structuring multi-million dollar settlement concerning disputed water and sewer charges. Pittsburgh Brewing Company, formerly Keystone Brewers, Inc. v. Pittsburgh Water & Sewer Authority, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, G.D. No. 02-23066 (2003).
  • Represented copper mill in breach of warranty action associated with purchase and construction of a recuperator installed to reduce energy costs. Hussey Copper Corp. v. Pittsburgh Industrial Furnace, et al., Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, G.D. No. 91-8281 (1993).
  • Represented vendor that installed propane fuel conversion system in taxicab fleet in breach of warranty and commercial contract dispute. Amerigas, Inc. v. Yellow Cab Co. of Pittsburgh, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County (1987).

Construction

  • Represented architect in litigation involving stadium construction and design. Ligo Architects v. Redevelopment Authority of the City of Butler et. al., Court of Common Pleas of Butler County, No. 08-70121 (2011).
  • Represented designer of waste pickles liquid processing plant against breach of contract claim brought by owner of ferrous chloride conversion system following tank explosion. K.A. Steel Chemicals, Inc. v. Hoyer-Schlesigner-Turner, et al., Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, G.D. No. 92-17089 (1995).
  • Successfully represented general contractor in third party contribution claim against construction manager of environmental clean up site for substantial costs associated with an electrical transformer explosion. J&L Specialty Products Corp. v. LTV Steel and Eichleay Corporation v. ICF Kaiser Engineers, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, G.D. No. 91-02785 (1993).
  • Represented general contractor in AAA arbitration brought by electrical subcontractor involving scope-of-work and change order claims. Privately arbitrated AAA case, Baltimore, Maryland (1991).
  • Represented contractor in federal court breach of contract action involving the installation of geotechnical plastic liners. Management Engineering Corp. v. Penreco, United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, C.A. No. 89-2384 (1991).
  • Represented stadium bleacher manufacturer in federal and state court litigation involving the application of the Pennsylvania Steel Products Procurement Act, ultimately establishing entitlement to remuneration owed by general contractor. Dant Corporation, Inc. v. Oakdale Construction Company, United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, Civil Action No. 89-1233 (1991) and Dant Corporation, Inc. v. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, et al., No. 71 Misc. Dkt. 1990 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1990).

Telecommunications

  • Represented wireless carrier in Third Circuit case involving interplay between federal and state law. Nextel West Corp. v. Unity Township, 282 F.3d 257 (3d Cir. 2002).
  • Represented wireless carrier in Third Circuit case involving challenges under the 1996 Telecommunications Act and Pennsylvania exclusionary zoning law. APT Pittsburgh Limited Partnership v. Penn Township, 196 F.3d 469 (3d Cir. 1999).
  • Initiated successful challenge on behalf of Allegheny County in establishing that proposed overlay area code violated requirements of the Federal Communications Commission and ultimately established geographically based area codes in Western Pennsylvania. County of Allegheny v. Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, Commonwealth Court, 2745 C.D. 1996 and 2879 C.D. 1996 (1997); and In the Matter of Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission Petition for Expedited Waiver of 47 C.F.R. Section 52.19 for Area Code 412 Relief; Before the Federal Communications Commission, Docket No. CC 96-98 (1997).

RICO and Section 1983

  • Federal Court arbitrator presiding over developer’s Constitutional challenge to municipality’s actions (2009-2010)
  • Successfully defended municipal authority against Section 1983 (civil rights) claim brought by telecommunications company. Bell Atlantic v. Fox Chapel Authority, 676 A.2d 1255 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1996).
  • Pennsylvania State Counsel, Clinton-Kaine Campaign (2016)
  • Pennsylvania Authorized Representative, Clinton-Kaine Campaign (2016)
  • Member, Governor-Elect Wolf’s Transition Team, Transportation Committee (2014-2015)
  • Commissioner, Southwest Pennsylvania Planning Commission (2012-current)
  • Member, Federal Court Judicial Selection Panel (2014, 2008) (Appointed by Senator Bob Casey)
  • Statewide Finance Committee, Tom Wolf for Governor (2014)
  • Statewide Voting Protection Steering Committee, Tom Wolf for Governor (2014)
  • Elector and President of Electoral College for Pennsylvania (2012)
  • Chair, Allegheny County Executive Rich Fitzgerald’s Transportation Vision Team (2012)
  • Chair, Pittsburgh Mayor Bill Peduto’s Transition Team’s Subcommittee on Planning & Development Process (2013)
  • Statewide Authorized Representative for Obama-Biden Election Matters (2012 and 2008)
  • Fellow, Allegheny County Academy of Trial Lawyers (2005-present)
  • Vice Chair, City of Pittsburgh Planning Commission (1994-2006)
  • Vice Chair, City of Pittsburgh Zoning Board of Adjustment (1994-2006)
  • Member, Allegheny County Executive Dan Onorato’s Transition Team, Committee of Municipal Cooperation (2003)
  • Member, Governor Ed Rendell’s Transition Team – Committee on Judicial Issues (2002)
  • Member, Allegheny County Executive James Roddey’s Transition Team – Committee on Engineering and Public Works (2000)
  • Elected Fellow, Academy of Trial Lawyers of Allegheny County
  • Best Lawyers of America
  • Pennsylvania “Super Lawyer” for over a decade (Top 5 percent)
  • Philadelphia Magazine, Top 50 Attorneys in Pittsburgh
  • Federal and State Court-appointed special master, mediator and arbitrator
  • Martindale-Hubbell Top Rated Lawyer for Energy Law, Environmental Law and Land Use Law
  • Speaker, “The Voting Rights Act and Redistricting,” Pennsylvania Diversity Conference, 2016
  • Speaker, “Pennsylvania Medical Marijuana Overview: Regulations & Opportunities,” Marijuana Business Conference, 2016
  • Speaker and co-author, “A New Reality: Pennsylvania Medical Marijuana Act, Pennsylvania Bar Institute, 2016
  • Presented at the Environmental Law Forum, “Land Use Update,” 2016
  • “Land Use Update,” Environmental Law Forum, 2015
  • “Developments in Pennsylvania Land Use Law: A Survey of 2013 Cases.” PBI, Environmental Law Forum, 2014
  • Presented at the Pennsylvania Conference of State Trial Lawyers, discussing the Adjudication of Election Law Cases, 2013
  • Presenter, Pennsylvania Election Law and Campaign Finance, PBI, 2013
  • “Developments in Pennsylvania Land Use Law: A Survey of 2012 Cases,” PBI Environmental Law Forum, 2013
  • “Developments in Pennsylvania Land Use Law: A Survey of 2011 Cases,” PBI Environmental Law Forum, 2012
  • “Local Regulation of Oil and Gas Operations in Pennsylvania: Drilling through the Preemption Doctrine,” PBI The Environment and Natural Gas Development
  • Faculty Member, “Pennsylvania Election Law, Campaign Finance & Lobbying Disclosure,” Pennsylvania Bar Institute seminar, Philadelphia 2011
  • Presented “Eminent Domain: For the Public Good or Private Gain?” (involving Kelo v. New London), Urban Land Institute, September 2005
  • “The Impact of Acts 67 and 68 on Development: An Analysis of the ‘Growing Smarter’ Amendments to the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code,” Sixth Annual Environmental Law Forum, PBI No. 2001-2708, March 2001
  • “Limitations on Land Use Controls: The Application of Constitutional and Statutory Principles,” Sixth Annual Environmental Law Forum, PBI No. 2001-2708, March 2001
  • “The Impact of Acts 67 and 68 on Regional Development,” Lawyers Journal, Vol. 3, No. 16, August 10, 2001; PA Bar Quarterly, July 2001
  • “A Case Study of Post-Election Litigation: The Pittsburgh Mayor’s Race,” Lawyers Journal, Vol. 3, No. 15, July 27, 2001
  • Co-author, “Options Exist for Appealing New County Tax Assessments,” Pittsburgh Business Times, January 28, 2000
  • “Supporting the Backbone of the Region,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 28, 1988
  • “Exclusionary Zoning Challenges Under Pennsylvania Law,” Communique
  • “Allegheny County Property Assessments: Appeals and Procedures,” Communique
  • Guest Lecturer, University of Pittsburgh, 1996-2001
  • Faculty Member, Real Estate Institute, PBI Seminar, Philadelphia 2004
  • Course Planner, “Real Estate Issues Impacting Public Utilities and Telecommunication Companies,” PBI course, 2002
  • Faculty member, “Environmental Law Forum,” PBI seminar, 1998-2013
  • Appeared on Bill Flanagan’s Business Week, KDKA-TV, January 11, 1998, to discuss taxation of non-profit institutions following the Washington & Jefferson decision
  • Faculty member, “Municipalities Planning Code,” Pennsylvania Bar Institute (PBI) seminar, Pittsburgh, 1998
  • Faculty member and moderator, “Locally Unpopular Land Uses,” PBI seminar, Pittsburgh, 1996
  • Faculty member, “Appearances Before Zoning Hearing Boards,” PBI seminar, Pittsburgh, 1995
  • Course planner, “Public Contracts and Competitive Bidding In Pennsylvania,” Lorman seminar, 2002
  • Faculty member, Academy of Trial Lawyers, Federal Court Seminar, Pittsburgh, 2000
  • Faculty member, “Cross-Examination of Expert Witnesses,” PBI course, Pittsburgh, 1999
  • Faculty member, “Anatomy of Commercial Trial,” PBI seminar, 1999
  • Faculty member, “Municipal and Officer Liability,” PBI seminar, Philadelphia, 1991
  • “Hands off the Electoral College,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Forum, December 30, 2012
  • “Drilling for Marcellus Shale: The Interplay between State and Local Regulatory Oversight.” PBI Real Estate Institute, 2010-6037, Vol. 1, p. O-15 (2010)
  • “State and Local Regulation of Oil and Gas Operations: Drilling Through the Maze of Preemption, Severed Mineral Estates and Surface Owner Rights,” Energy & Mineral Law Institute, Vol. 29, Chapter 11 (2008)
  • “A Step Towards Cleaner Rivers: Pittsburgh’s New Dye Testing Ordinance,” Real News, June 2006
  • “United Artists: Reviewing the Conscience Shocking Test Under Section 1983,” 1 Seton Hall Circuit Review 101, Spring 2005
  • “Pittsburgh — Yes, we can:  Cutting through the fiscal despair, Clifford B. Levine outlines a plan for achieving a dynamic region,” Pittsburgh Post Gazette, Forum, February 15, 2004
  • “Legal Developments Affect Charitable Tax Exemption Status,” PA CPA Journal, Winter 2003
  • “Regional Branding: The Emerging Pittsburgh,” Pittsburgh Post Gazette, Forum, December 29, 2002
  • “In the Spotlight: With Regional Sewer Initiative Looming, Lawyer Takes Post at Water and Sewer Authority,” Pittsburgh Post Gazette, Forum, May 5, 2002
  • “Post–Election Litigation in Pennsylvania,” 41 Duquesne Law Review 153, Fall 2002
  • “Gulf Power: Cable Broadband Defies Simple Categorization,” Real Property, Probate and Trust Law Newsletter (Pennsylvania Bar Association), Spring 2002
  • “Bush v. Gore: Who Exactly Was the Supreme Court Protecting?” Lawyers Journal, Vol. 3, No. 1, January 12, 2001
    • J.D., Duke University, 1980
    • B.A., Economics, magna cum laude, State University of New York at Albany, 1977
      • Research Associate, Office of the Speaker, New York State Assembly (1974-1977)